6 important diseases in young children can be prevented as follows:
- By vaccination, there are research results showing that immunity can be protected. and is safe.
1) A diphtheria.
- A serious disease that adults can also be life-threatening.
Symptoms of Diphtheria
- Patients with low fever and cold-like symptoms in the early stages.
- Patients with anorexia.
- Patients with rumbling coughs.
- Patients with sore throat.
- Patients with enlarged lymph nodes in the neck.
- Patients with symptoms in the tonsils, throat, nasal cavity, and larynx.
- In the case of patients with severe symptoms that may cause airway constriction This causes respiratory failure and death.
Prevention of diphtheria.
- In the case of young children, the diphtheria vaccine must be given 5 times (from 2-18 months of age, it should be boosted again at 4 years of age).In the case of young children, the diphtheria vaccine must be given 5 times (from 2-18 months of age, it should be boosted again at 4 years of age)
- In the case of people aged 20-50 years (should be vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus)
- This case can be cured by seeing a doctor. (You should not buy medicine to take yourself. because it may not match the germs and may make the symptoms of the disease more severe)
2) A tetanus disease.
- Caused by germs in the soil or places and dirty things entering the body through wounds.
Exposure to infection from tetanus.
- Patients with fresh, unclean wounds.
- Patients with wounds from nails, needles, tree branches, or sharp objects.
- Patients with chronic wounds with dead tissue or deep wounds where oxygen cannot reach, such as patients with diabetic wounds, patients with middle ear infections.
- Patients with burns.
- Patients who have been bitten by animals such as dogs, cats, rats, etc.
- Patients with wounds entered through the umbilical cord.
Prevention of tetanus.
- Vaccinations should be scheduled every 10 years.
- You should keep the wound clean.
- The wound should be covered with gauze once a day. or when heavily contaminated.
- Antibiotics should be used appropriately.
- Patients with muscle spasms throughout the body.
- Patients with muscle pain.
- Patients with muscle spasms.
- Patients with difficulty swallowing saliva.
- Patients with jaw pain.
- Patients with headaches.
- Patients with fever.
- Patients with high blood pressure.
- Patients with tachycardia.
- Caused by infection (Poliovirus) the child did not receive the polio vaccine as required. Once it has happened, there is still no medicine to cure it completely.
- The patient has spinal cord inflammation and paralysis. and may die.
Symptoms of polio infection.
- The patient has symptoms of person-to-person transmission. which comes through love and food or water that is contaminated with infection.
Prevention of polio.
- Parents should take their children for vaccinations as scheduled.
- The hospital recommends that all children receive the vaccine between the ages of 2-18 months and 4 years.
4) Hepatitis B.
- Caused by a virus that can be transmitted through blood, saliva, secretions, or from a mother who is a carrier to the baby Hepatitis B virus.
Transmission of hepatitis B
- In the case of patients who come into contact with blood or patient secretions.
- In the case of using a syringe or tattoo piercing needles together.
- In the case of infection transmitted from mother to child and sexual intercourse.
Hepatitis B symptoms.
- Patients with fatigue.
- Patients with anorexia.
- Patients with nausea.
- Patients with vomiting.
- Patients with right ribcage tightness.
- Patients with dark urine.
- Patients with yellow eyes.
Prevention of hepatitis B.
- You should be screened for hepatitis B.
- You should get vaccinated to protect against hepatitis B.
- You should use a condom every time you have sex.
- Hepatitis B virus that causes hepatitis. (which causes cirrhosis and liver cancer in the future)
5) Whooping cough.
- Direct contact by coughing, sneezing, which is found in children under 6 years of age or infants from the first month.
Whooping cough symptoms.
- Patients with cold-like symptoms, dry cough lasting more than 10 days.
- Patients with frequent coughs of 5-10 times in a row.
- Patients who breathe in forcefully until they make a whooshing sound.
- Patients with red eyes.
- Patients with a runny nose in young children may not be able to breathe quickly, causing their face to turn green.
Whooping Cough Treatment.
- You should get enough rest. and drink warm water.
- You should wear a mask when coughing or sneezing.
- You should avoid going to public places.
- Causes that cause increased coughing should be avoided, such as exertion, dust.
- If you have a cough or symptoms for more than 10 days in a row or not in a row. You should immediately see a doctor.
Prevention of whooping cough.
- Vaccination against whooping cough In children younger than 6 years, 4-5 times.
- 1st time (started at 2 months old)
- 2nd time (started at 6 months old)
- 3rd time (started at 6 months old)
- 4th time (starting at 18 months old)
- 5th time (booster vaccination at age 4 years)
6) Meningitis caused by Hib disease.
- Caused by bacteria that are transmitted through close contact such as coughing, sneezing, etc.
Basic vaccinations that children must inject
- Diphtheria vaccine.
- Whooping Cough Vaccine.
- Tetanus vaccine.
- Hepatitis B Vaccine.
Get to know the Hib virus (HIB)
- HIB (Haemo- philus influenzaetype B)
- Easy contact by touch.
- Causes many diseases such as pain, swelling, laryngitis, skin angina, arthritis and meningitis.
- Occurs in children from birth to 5 years old.
Symptoms of Hib disease.
- Symptomatic patients will be discharged within 3-4 hours up to 2 days.
- Patients with symptoms of severe meningitis.
- Patients with symptoms of fever, irritability, and fussiness.
- Patients with symptoms of infection reaching the central nervous system will have headaches, seizures, a stiff neck, and a bulging fontanel.
- A patient with symptoms.
In the event that the child survives (In some cases, children who survive may have symptoms)
- Patients with chronic seizures.
- Patients with deafness.
- Patients with paralysis.
- Patients with mental retardation.
Prevention of Hib disease.
- Should be vaccinated to prevent 100%
- Should be injected from 2 months onwards.
- A total of 3 injections should be given.
- Should be injected from 2-6 months of age.
Side effects of Hib disease.
- Patients with pain, swelling, redness.
- Patients with high fever.
- Patients with rashes.
- Patients who are easily irritated.
Compiled by Dr. Somsak Lohlekha, M.D.
More inquiries can be made at
- Pediatrics Center (Building 2), 2nd floor, call.02-530-2013 ext. 2200,2201