6 Significant Diseases in Young Children

  • 6 Significant Diseases in Young Children

  • 6 major childhood diseases can be prevented by vaccination. Research has shown that the disease can be prevented well and that it is safe.

    • Coughing is caused by toxic bacteria, contagious by coughing. Coughing causes infection in the neck and nose. There is an inflammation in the neck that can cause suffocation. The infected person may die from obstruction of the upper respiratory tract or muscle damage from infection.
    • Injury is usually caused by serious bacteria entering the body. The infection will be toxic to the nervous system, especially newborn babies, causing convulsions throughout the body. And tension in the jaw and neck may die if not treated.
    • Polio is caused by a virus that enters the body by eating contaminated food or drinking water. It damages the spinal cord nerves that regulate muscle activity. If severe, it can damage the muscle nerves that control breathing, suffocation, and death.
    • Hepatitis B is caused by a virus that can be transmitted by blood, saliva, or from a mother who is a carrier to a baby. hepatitis B causes cirrhosis and liver cancer eventually.
    • Whooping cough is caused by bacteria. It is a contagious disease of the respiratory tract, characterized by a series of coughing and when it stops, it causes a loud, gasping sound. The cough can last for months. It is most severe in children under 1 year of age. In more severe cases, it can cause respiratory arrest or dehydration due to vomiting.
    • Hib meningitis is caused by bacteria in close contact. A sneeze usually occurs in young children for 2 months to 5 years, causing many diseases such as meningitis, blood infection, pneumonia, arthritis and middle ear inflammation.

    Compiled by Prof. Dr. Somsak Loh Secretary


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