6 Significant Diseases in Young Children

  • 6 Significant Diseases in Young Children

  • 6 important diseases in young children can be prevented as follows:

    • By vaccination, there are research results showing that immunity can be protected. and is safe.

    1) A diphtheria.

    • A serious disease that adults can also be life-threatening.

    Symptoms of Diphtheria

    • Patients with low fever and cold-like symptoms in the early stages.

    • Patients with anorexia.

    • Patients with rumbling coughs.

    • Patients with sore throat.

    • Patients with enlarged lymph nodes in the neck.

    • Patients with symptoms in the tonsils, throat, nasal cavity, and larynx.

    • In the case of patients with severe symptoms that may cause airway constriction This causes respiratory failure and death.

    Prevention of diphtheria.

    • In the case of young children, the diphtheria vaccine must be given 5 times (from 2-18 months of age, it should be boosted again at 4 years of age).In the case of young children, the diphtheria vaccine must be given 5 times (from 2-18 months of age, it should be boosted again at 4 years of age)

    • In the case of people aged 20-50 years (should be vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus)

    • This case can be cured by seeing a doctor. (You should not buy medicine to take yourself. because it may not match the germs and may make the symptoms of the disease more severe)

    2) A tetanus disease.

    • Caused by germs in the soil or places and dirty things entering the body through wounds.

    Exposure to infection from tetanus.

    • Patients with fresh, unclean wounds.

    • Patients with wounds from nails, needles, tree branches, or sharp objects.

    • Patients with chronic wounds with dead tissue or deep wounds where oxygen cannot reach, such as patients with diabetic wounds, patients with middle ear infections.

    • Patients with burns.

    • Patients who have been bitten by animals such as dogs, cats, rats, etc.

    • Patients with wounds entered through the umbilical cord.

    Prevention of tetanus.

    • Vaccinations should be scheduled every 10 years.

    • You should keep the wound clean.

    • The wound should be covered with gauze once a day. or when heavily contaminated.

    • Antibiotics should be used appropriately.

    Tetanus symptoms.

    • Patients with muscle spasms throughout the body.

    • Patients with muscle pain.

    • Patients with muscle spasms.

    • Patients with difficulty swallowing saliva.

    • Patients with jaw pain.

    • Patients with headaches.

    • Patients with fever.

    • Patients with high blood pressure.

    • Patients with tachycardia.

    3) Polio.

    • Caused by infection (Poliovirus) the child did not receive the polio vaccine as required. Once it has happened, there is still no medicine to cure it completely.

    Polio symptoms.

    • The patient has spinal cord inflammation and paralysis. and may die.

    Symptoms of polio infection.

    • The patient has symptoms of person-to-person transmission. which comes through love and food or water that is contaminated with infection.

    Prevention of polio.

    • Parents should take their children for vaccinations as scheduled.

    • The hospital recommends that all children receive the vaccine between the ages of 2-18 months and 4 years.

    4) Hepatitis B.

    • Caused by a virus that can be transmitted through blood, saliva, secretions, or from a mother who is a carrier to the baby Hepatitis B virus.

    Transmission of hepatitis B

    • In the case of patients who come into contact with blood or patient secretions.

    • In the case of using a syringe or tattoo piercing needles together.

    • In the case of infection transmitted from mother to child and sexual intercourse.

    Hepatitis B symptoms.

    • Patients with fatigue.

    • Patients with anorexia.

    • Patients with nausea.

    • Patients with vomiting.

    • Patients with right ribcage tightness.

    • Patients with dark urine.

    • Patients with yellow eyes.

    Prevention of hepatitis B.

    • You should be screened for hepatitis B.

    • You should get vaccinated to protect against hepatitis B.

    • You should use a condom every time you have sex.

    • Hepatitis B virus that causes hepatitis. (which causes cirrhosis and liver cancer in the future)

    5) Whooping cough.

    • Direct contact by coughing, sneezing, which is found in children under 6 years of age or infants from the first month.

    Whooping cough symptoms.

    • Patients with cold-like symptoms, dry cough lasting more than 10 days.

    • Patients with frequent coughs of 5-10 times in a row.

    • Patients who breathe in forcefully until they make a whooshing sound.

    • Patients with red eyes.

    • Patients with a runny nose in young children may not be able to breathe quickly, causing their face to turn green.

    Whooping Cough Treatment.

    • You should get enough rest. and drink warm water.

    • You should wear a mask when coughing or sneezing.

    • You should avoid going to public places.

    • Causes that cause increased coughing should be avoided, such as exertion, dust.

    • If you have a cough or symptoms for more than 10 days in a row or not in a row. You should immediately see a doctor.

    Prevention of whooping cough.

    • Vaccination against whooping cough In children younger than 6 years, 4-5 times.

    • 1st time (started at 2 months old)

    • 2nd time (started at 6 months old)

    • 3rd time (started at 6 months old)

    • 4th time (starting at 18 months old)

    • 5th time (booster vaccination at age 4 years)

    6) Meningitis caused by Hib disease.

    • Caused by bacteria that are transmitted through close contact such as coughing, sneezing, etc.

    Basic vaccinations that children must inject

    • Diphtheria vaccine.

    • Whooping Cough Vaccine.

    • Tetanus vaccine.

    • Hepatitis B Vaccine.

    Get to know the Hib virus (HIB)

    • HIB (Haemo- philus influenzaetype B)

    • Easy contact by touch.

    • Causes many diseases such as pain, swelling, laryngitis, skin angina, arthritis and meningitis.

    • Occurs in children from birth to 5 years old.

    Symptoms of Hib disease.

    • Symptomatic patients will be discharged within 3-4 hours up to 2 days.

    • Patients with symptoms of severe meningitis.

    • Patients with symptoms of fever, irritability, and fussiness.

    • Patients with symptoms of infection reaching the central nervous system will have headaches, seizures, a stiff neck, and a bulging fontanel.

    • A patient with symptoms.

    In the event that the child survives (In some cases, children who survive may have symptoms)

    • Patients with chronic seizures.

    • Patients with deafness.

    • Patients with paralysis.

    • Patients with mental retardation.

    Prevention of Hib disease.

    • Should be vaccinated to prevent 100%

    • Should be injected from 2 months onwards.

    • A total of 3 injections should be given.

    • Should be injected from 2-6 months of age.

    Side effects of Hib disease.

    • Patients with pain, swelling, redness.

    • Patients with high fever.

    • Patients with rashes.

    • Patients who are easily irritated.

    Compiled by Dr. Somsak Lohlekha, M.D.

    More inquiries can be made at

    • Pediatrics Center (Building 2), 2nd floor, call.02-530-2013 ext. 2200,2201