Hand foot and Mouth Disease
- Hand-foot-and-mouth disease usually spreads during the rainy season. It is found in infants and young children. Studies of this disease may allow parents to prepare for and know how to take care of their babies properly.
What is hand, foot and mouth disease?
- Caused by virus or many enteroviruses It is more common in infants. and children under 5 years old in kindergarten nursery Children's Centers, Children's Play Places in Shopping Malls especially in crowded coexistence There will be a chance of outbreaks. The disease is sporadic throughout the year. but will increase in the rainy season which is cold and humid.
Contagious symptoms of hand, foot and mouth disease
- Most of the transmission is caused by the direct exposure of the virus to the mouth.
- The disease spread easily during the first week of illness.
- The virus infects the hand or toy with saliva, nose, water from blisters, wounds or feces of the patient, and is caused by sneezing from the patient's capillaries.
- For fecal infections, it can occur at a stage where the child has a debilitating condition until he or she has recovered for about a month, but it can occur less than that.
Symptoms of Hand foot and Mouth Disease
- After three to six days of exposure, the infected person begins to show signs of illness, starting with a low fever.
- Have a fit of fatigue.
- For about 1-2 days, you will have pain in your mouth, cannot swallow saliva, and will not eat food due to red bumps in your tongue, gums and cheekbones.
- A lump or small red rash (often itchy) can be found in the palm, fingers, soles of the feet, and also in the bottom.
- This blister becomes a clear blister around the area, inflamed and red. Later, the blister will burst into a shallow pit. Symptoms will subside and heal within 7-10 days.
Hand foot and mouth disease treatment
- There is no cure for the disease. In particular, the doctor will give you a symptom-based medicine such as fever reducer, painkillers, and painkillers in case of tongue wounds or cheek blisters.
- Parents or child rearing should wipe the child to reduce the fever periodically. And let patients eat soft, bland food, drink juice, and rest a lot. If they are young, they may have to feed them milk instead of sucking from milk bottles.
- Usually, the disease is not severe and there are no complications, but some viruses, such as enterovirus 71, can cause severe symptoms. Therefore, care should be taken closely. If you experience high fever, depression, or frequent vomiting, asthma, weak arms, seizures, and need to be taken to the hospital immediately.
- It can cause cerebral infarction, myocardial infarction or pulmonary edema, which can be fatal.
Hand, foot and mouth disease prevention
- The disease is unvaccinated, but it can be prevented by maintaining hygiene.
- Parents should advise their children to wash their hands with water and soap (before and after meals, before meals, after excretion or changing diapers after child care), cut their nails short. Avoid using milk bottles, water glasses, suction tubes, handkerchiefs, and handkerchiefs.
- Nursery and kindergarten must provide a washbasin and sanitary toilets to keep the characteristics of the place and appliances clean, including proper disposal of child excrement.
How to control a disease
- If a sick child is found, it is necessary to quickly isolate to prevent it from spreading to other children. Parents should quickly take him to a doctor and stop taking care of him at home for 5-7 days or until he is fully recovered. In the meantime, the possible symptoms should be observed.
- It should not be in a well ventilated place, use a nasal covering, cover your mouth when coughing or sneezing, and be careful of coughing and be careful of coughing.
- Babies must wash their hands clean every time they touch the child's nose, saliva, or feces.
Inquiries can be made at.
- PEDIATRIC CENTER (building 2) floor 2 tele. 02-530-2556 continue 2200,2201