- Chronic optic nerve conditions are permanently impaired. It is characterized by abnormal optic nerves and visual field.
Glaucoma is divided into 2 types.
- Type 1 : Angle-closure or narrow-angle glaucoma is caused by blocking the drainage of water from the eyeball. causing pressure to build up in the eye The intraocular pressure increases so much that the optic nerve is permanently disabled.
- Type 2 : Open-angle glaucoma can be found most often In most cases, eye pressure is higher than normal. A small proportion had normal eye pressure. or low eye pressure.
- Open-angle glaucoma : In the early stages, the patient is asymptomatic. The patient slowly begins to lose vision.
- Open glaucoma : In the terminal stages of the disease, vision can be narrowed and vision loss is permanent.
- Angle-closure glaucoma : Watch out for acute recurrent angle-closure glaucoma.
People who suspect glaucoma should see an ophthalmologist. to receive a diagnosis and treated in a timely manner to maintain vision.
Who is at risk for glaucoma?
- People who are at risk of developing glaucoma include those aged over 40 years, having a family history of glaucoma, having high intraocular pressure, having had an eye accident, using medication. Steroids, hyperopia or myopia and have certain congenital diseases such as diabetes, migraines, etc.
Warning signs of glaucoma.
- No early warning signs.
- The loss of vision begins on the outer edge of the visual pattern, which is rice vision, and the middle part is still visible. (In the case of not receiving treatment, the visual field will become progressively narrower.)
- The changes are usually gradual without the patient's knowledge.
- Have abnormal vision or blurred vision. (this cause is often destroyed, which is dangerous to the eyes) acute glaucoma must be treated immediately
- Which is a condition in which the pressure is very high and fast It is an emergency that requires immediate treatment.
- A patient with a headache Severe and sudden eye pain, red eyes, blurred vision, seeing halos around lights, nausea and vomiting, urgently need to see an ophthalmologist for treatment immediately. (However, acute stones are rarely found.)
Treatment of glaucoma as follows :
- Glaucoma treatment The goal is to prevent further damage to the optic nerve. and to keep existing vision intact for as long as possible The treatment depends on the type and stage of the disease. The ophthalmologist will consider the appropriate treatment guidelines for each patient. for current treatment options. 3 waymain include
- Medication treatment (consistently discontinued as prescribed by the doctor).
- laser use.
- However, each type of glaucoma in each individual will respond to different treatment methods Therefore, an ophthalmologist should be consulted. to plan a specific treatment for each patient individually.
Screening prevent glaucoma.
- Due to glaucoma, if the optic nerve is damaged and Will not be able to restore it. Risk analysis, early diagnosis and treatment are very important. Therefore, people aged 40 years and over or those at risk should undergo screening to see if they are at risk of developing glaucoma.
- People without risk factors, people aged 40-46 should be tested 2-4 years, over 65 years old should be tested every 1-2 years.
- People with risk factors include people with chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, etc.
- People with a history of eye diseases such as retinal detachment, eye accidents, etc.
- People with a family history of eye diseases such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, work that uses too much vision, use medications that affect the eyes, wear contact lenses, aged 18 years and over, should be screened every 1-2 years or As recommended by the doctor And change the frequency to once a year when the age is 65 years and over.
- Glaucoma: The best treatment and prevention is to get checked at least once a year. for those at risk In order to be treated from the early stages. It is the best prevention of blindness from glaucoma.
More inquiries can be made at
- Eye Disease Center (Building 2), 4th floor, Tel. 02-530-2556 ext. 2440,2441